National and regional analyses

National Analyses

A national analysis on the status of territories of life

The Philippines is the world’s second largest archipelago of 7,641 islands[1] covering 30 million hectares of land territory. On a per-hectare basis, it harbours more diversity of life than any country on Earth.[2] It ranks highest in the Southeast Asian region in terms of native tree species[3] and is the fourth in the world in terms of bird […]

A national analysis on the status of territories of life

It is estimated that at least 40% of Ecuadorian territory (approximately 104,059.1 km2) are territories of Indigenous, Afro-Ecuadorian and Montubio peoples and nations. In a plurinational and intercultural state, the recognition and guarantee of territorial and collective rights and the rights of nature is an essential path to ensuring biodiversity conservation. Five territories of life […]

A national analysis on the status of territories of life

The island of Madagascar is well known for its natural and cultural diversity. Madagascar shelters about 5 per cent of global biodiversity[1] and 80 per cent of the country’s plant and animal species are found nowhere else. There are 18 ethnic groups, each with their own dialect. The traditional form of the Malagasy community is […]

A national analysis on the status of territories of life

Indonesia is one of the world’s most biologically and culturally megadiverse countries. Many areas of high biodiversity are conserved and managed in sustainable ways by Indigenous peoples who have a close bonding with their territories and have developed effective governance systems. These areas are a source of cultural and spiritual identity and foundation of their […]

A national analysis on the status of territories of life

Iran is a vast country located in the arid belt of southwest Asia; 85 per cent of its land area comprises arid and semi-arid regions harbouring rangelands, high to low-density forests and deserts. Thousands of territories of life in Iran are formed by various ethnic groups – including Arab, Baluch, Gilaki, Kurd, Lur, Persian, Turk […]

Regional Analyses

Diversity, present status, and threats

Download PDF West and Central Asia & the Caucasus Indigenous peoples and local communities govern and conserve vast territories of life across the breadth of West and Central Asia and the Caucasus. These territories are found in all geoclimatic and sociopolitical regions and are highly diverse in their ecological and cultural characteristics. However, in nearly […]

A regional analysis of the status of territories of life

Eastern and southern Africa comprises an extremely diverse set of countries spanning the area from the Horn of Africa to the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. Within this geographically, socially and politically diverse region, certain commonalities exist. Most notably from an ecological standpoint is the prevalence of arid and semi-arid ecosystems, which range […]